PALS Pretest Questions and Answers
What is the compression to breath ratio in two-person CPR for an infant?
What is the most common cause of pediatric cardiac arrest?
primary respiratory failure
An infant becomes unresponsive and stops breathing. A strong pulse is still present. How many rescue breaths a minute should be given until help arrives or the infant starts breathing on its own?
8-10 breaths a minute
10-14 breaths a minute
12-20 breaths a minute
15-22 breaths a minute
You come across a toddler that is unresponsive upon assessment. You did not witness the collapse. what is your first course of action?
call the emergency response team then start CPR
perform 2 minutes of CPR then call the emergency response team
search for someone to assist in two person CPR
call the emergency response team and search for an AED
Which of these answers appropriately describes how to perform chest compressions on an infant?
Place two fingers on the sternum of the upper chest, one between the nipple line and the other 1cm above.
In two person CPR encircle infant’s torso with both hands, with both thumbs pointing cephalic lying 1cm below the nipples over the sternum.
Palms placed in center of sternum above the nipples, using both arms
none of the above
Which of these medications is the drug of choice when treating stable SVT?
Which of these are not causes of Pulseless Electrical Activity (PEA)?
all are causes of PEA
Where should you palpate for a pulse on an unconscious toddler during CPR?
Which of these is not a sign of complete airway obstruction?
unable to cry
unable to speak
Which of these is an appropriate treatment for monomorphic ventricular tachycardia with a pulse?
Adenosine: 0.1 mg/kg IVP or IOP (6mg maximum dose)
Epinephrine 1:10,000: 0.01 mg/kg by IV or IO
Defibrillate at 2j/kg
Defibrillate at 4j/kg